In a world dominated by a “center - periphery” consciousness.Access to energy, communications, information, and entertainment is concentrated in urban areas that are connected to centralized power grids.Remote villages are deprived of basic energy services and communication access.
Electricity, which by its very nature is decentralized, is combined with wireless communications technology, villages need no longer be cut off and isolated just because of their physical remoteness.IVD recognizes the need to preserve biological and cultural diversity in the face of increasing globalization.Perhaps the ultimate advantage of electricity for villages is the opportunity to have access to light anywhere within the villages, in a way that promotes local self - reliance and cultural autonomy, even as rural communities become more integrated into the global economy.The marriage of electricity and wireless communications makes possible a world in which “the center is everywhere”
Literacy and Education Electric light helps to increase literacy because people can read after dark more easily than they can by candlelight or kerosene lamp.Schoolwork improves and eyesight is safeguarded.It can electrify rural schools, not just for lighting purposes, but also to power computers and other electric equipments.
The implications of bringing computers into rural classrooms, and wirelessly linking those classrooms to the rest of the world, are profound.Students and teachers become excited as new programs in distance learning are introduced.Electronic friendships are established with people from faraway lands.Music and dance are shared.Cultural diversity is strengthened, even as the world becomes smaller.
Improves Literacy Electric light improves literacy, because people can read after dark more easily than they can by candle or lamplight. School work improves and eyesight is safeguarded when children study by electric light.With the advent of television and radio, people previously cut off from electronic information, education, and entertainment can become part of the modern world without leaving home.
Extends the Workday It is dark by 7.00 pm year round in the equatorial latitudes.Electric lighting allows families to extend their workday into the evening hours and consequently bring about the late night working hours as practiced in the developed world.The World Bank estimates that 780 million women and children breathing kerosene fumes inhale the equivalent of smoke from 2 packs of cigarettes a day.
Stems Urban Migration Improving the quality of life through electrification at the rural household and village level helps stem migration to mega-cities.Also, studies have shown a direct correlation between the availability of electric light and lower birth rates.
Improves Fire-Reduction Kerosene lamps are a serious fire hazard in the developing world, killing and maiming tens of thousands of people each year.Kerosene, diesel fuel and gasoline stored for lamps and small generators are also a safety threat, whereas electric light is entirely safe.
Health Fumes from kerosene lamps in poorly ventilated houses are a serious health problem in much of the world where electricity is unavailable.It is estimated that people who rely on kerosene inhale the equivalent of two packs of cigarette smoke per day.In addition, kerosene lamps are a serious fire hazard in the developing world, killing and maiming tens of thousands of people each year.
Electricity can vastly improve rural health programs by providing power for water purification, clinic lighting, vaccine refrigeration, medical equipment, and two-way radio communications with the outside world on the internet.